Seaboard & Roanoke

Originally built in the 1830's as the Portsmouth & Roanoke Railroad, it was bought at auction in 1846 by the Virginia Board of Public Works and leased to the town of Portsmouth, to be operated as the Seaboard & Roanoke. A year later, the town purchased the road from the state and transferred ownership to a public corporation.

The road connected with the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad and the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad at Weldon. Much of North Carolina's pre-war production was shipped out through Portsmouth, using this road. 

The start of the Union blockade of Southern ports was at Norfolk/Portsmouth, immediately after the blockade was announced. Traffic on the railroad dropped to almost nothing until the evacuation of the two cities in 1862 in the face of Union army movements. The Confederates retained and used a small rump of the road near Weldon and the Union used the rest of the road to maintain its forces in the Norfolk/Suffolk area.

The road's Superintendent, John M. Robinson, leased his rolling stock to other roads and took a commission in the Confederate army. In early 1863, he was sent to England as Special Purchasing Agent for five Virginia railroads and the Confederate government. No records have been located of the receipt in the South of whatever supplies he purchased, though one railroad mentions receiving some of his supplies and the fact that others were in Bermuda. He returned to the Confederacy in the fall of 1863 and surrendered at Appomattox.

Black's Number 13 (map)
Track 80 miles of 4 foot 8 inch gauge 55# T-rail
Locomotives 10; 10 names
Cars 174
Stations 13
Officers All of 1861
Locomotive Usage 1861
Passengers & Freight 1861
Food Shipments to Portsmouth 1862
Tredegar Purchases All
Annual Reports
2-1-61 Committee of Examination
2-1-61 President
2-1-61 Superintendent
2-1-62 President
2-1-62 Superintendent
Significant Documents
NP, RD 3-21-61
NP, RD 4-2A-61
NP, FO 4-11A-61
NA, SB&R 4-27-61
NA, VAF 5-8-61
NP, RD 5-31-61
NA, SB&R 7-13-61
NP, RD 8-23-61
NP, WJ 8-29-61
LVA, S&R 10-14-61
NA, CSN 12-10-61
NA, CSN 12-11A-61
NA, CSN 12-11B-61
NA, CSN 12-13-61
NA, CSN 12-16-61
NA, CSN 12-18-61
NA, CSN 12-26-61
NA, CSN 12-31A-61
NA, CSN 12-31B-61
NA, CSN 1-18-62
NA, CSN 1-19-62
OR Series 1, Vol. 9,  Page 435
NA, CSN 2-20-62
NA, CSN 2-20A-62
NA, S&R 3-29-62
NA, CSN 4-1A-62
NA, S&R 4-2-62
NA, CSN 4-14-62
NCA, RRB 4-18-62
NA, QM 4-21B-62
NA, QMR 4-22-62
NA, CSN 4-26-62
NP, CM 4-26-62
OR Series 1, Vol. 11, Pt 3, Page 485
NA, S&R 5-3-62
NA, S&R 5-3A-62
OR Series 1, Vol. 11, Pt 3, Page 490
NA, S&R 5-5-62
NA, SWR 5-8-62
NA, SWT 5-8-62
NA, SWT 5-8A-62
NA, SWT 5-9-62
NA, SWR 5-11-62
OR Series 1, Vol. 11, Pt 3, Page 507
OR Series 1, Vol. 11, Pt 3, Page 508
NA, QMR 5-17A-62
NA, RR 5-17-62
NA, QM 5-19-62
NA, QM 5-19A-62
NA, RR 5-20-62
NA, S&R 9-1-62
ORN Series 1, Vol. 8, Page 843
ORN Vol. 8, Page 849
NA, S&R 11-26-62
NA, ENG 12-26-62
NA, ENG 1-29B-63
NA, ENGR 2-1-63
NA, ENGR 2-21-63
NA, ENG 2-25-63
NA, ENG 3-10A-63
NA, ENG 3-10B-63
NA, S&R 4-10-63
OR Series 1, Vol. 18, Page 1037
NA, RR 5-5A-63
NA, S&R 5-5-63
NA, RR 5-6-63
NA, S&R 5-6-63
NP, FO 5-14-63
NP, MT 5-21-63
OR Series 1, Vol. 18, Page 329
NA, S&R 5-26-63
NA, ENG 5-27A-63
NA, SWT 5-27-63
NA, S&R 5-29-63
NA, ENG 5-30B-63
NA, RR 5-x-63
NP, RS 6-3-63
NP, RD 6-5-63
NA, ENG 6-9B-63
NA, ENG 6-9E-63
NA, S&R 6-16-63
NA, ENG 6-18-63
NA, ENG 6-25A-63
NA, ENGR 6-29-63
NA, S&R 7-1-63
NA, ENG 7-13A-63
LVA, RF&P 7-28-63
LVA, RF&P 8-8-63
NA, ENG 8-8-63
LVA, RF&P 8-20-63
NA, ENG 8-20-63
NA, ENGR 8-20A-63
NA, S&R 9-17-63
LVA, RF&P 9-25-63
NA, S&R 9-29-63
LVA, RF&P 10-27-63
NA, QMR 2-5C-64
NA, RR 2-5-64
NA, ENG 3-2-64
NA, ENG 3-18C-64
NA, S&R 5-24-64
NA, S&R 6-7-64
NA, ENGR 7-1-64
NA, S&R 7-1-64
NA, ENG 7-8A-64
NA, S&R 7-27-64
NA, SWR 8-15-64
NA, S&R 9-5-64
NA, ENGR 9-19-64
NA, S&R 9-21-64
NA, QMR 10-14C-64
NA, QMR 11-29-64
NA, QMR 11-29B-64
NA, SWR 12-15-64
NA, SB&R 12-22-64
NA, ENGR 12-26-64
NA, QMR 1-4B-65
NA, SWR 2-4-65
NA, RRB 2-15C-65
NA, SB&R 3-9-65
OR Series 1, Vol. 47, Part 2, Page 1426
OR Series 3, Vol. 5,  Page 974