SCA, C&C 11/30/1863

Executive Department, Columbia, November 30, 1863

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives
   The wisdom of your legislation restricting the cultivation of cotton to one acre to the full hand, has been abundantly proved by experience.
   I transmit copies of an interesting communication from Col. Allan Macfarlan, President of the Cheraw & Coal Fields Railroad Company, to which I ask your attention. Whatever the State can properly do towards securing promptly a supply of coal for her public works, I suggest should be done without delay. She is a stockholder in that Company. If the end desired can be accomplished by it, I recommend that she increase her subscription sufficiently to effect it.
   In this connection, I call your attention to the proposed connection of the Spartanburg & Union Railroad with the Charlotte and Shelby Road {the Atlantic, Tennessee & Ohio RR} -- the link known as the Shelby and Broad River Railroad -- by which a continuous line of railroad will be completed between the iron works in this State and Greensboro', N. C., near which are other coal fields.
   I submit to your consideration the propriety of prohibiting the further existence and operation of express companies in this State. Their use is of very questionable policy at any time; but at a time like this, when every man capable of bearing arms should be in the field, if not absolutely necessary in some other pursuit, the companies should be abandoned, and some system adopted by which the railroad and other transportation companies should be required to perform the duties now performed by the express companies.  This subject has arrested the attention of many intelligent and practical men, and I transmit copies of the outlines of a plan submitted to me for effecting this object, which I recommend to your consideration.
M. L. Bonham  {Governor}