NA, RRB 5/15/1863

Weldon, N. C.
May 15th, 1863
 
Capt. Philip A. Sandy
 
Captain,
   The trains of the Raleigh & Gaston Rail Road Co. transport corn & subsistence stores from Raleigh to Petersburg, where they are unloaded & their cargos shipped to Richmond. The trains of the Western N. C. & Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherford Rl Rds come to Petersburg, their cars are detached & carried to Richmond by the engines of the R. & P. {Richmond & Petersburg} RR Co. The trains of the Atlantic & N. C. R Rd. may also be employed in transporting these stores from Raleigh to be unloaded in Petersburg, or their cars to got through to Richmond as may be agreed, of which you will be duly advised. 
   The trains of the Raleigh & Gaston & of the Western N. C. & Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherford roads are those at present chiefly relied upon for this service from the direction of Raleigh, & it is vital to the Army that they reach Petersburg & Richmond & return at the earliest hour for other cargoes.
   To this end they must be allowed in their transit from & to Gaston the same privileges as the trains of the Petersburg, & Richmond & Petersburg RR Co's & be unloaded both in Petersburg & Richmond without any other delay than that which is positively unavoidable. Mr. Sanford the patriotic Superintendent of the Petersburg road will I am sure give all the orders & other assistance necessary to secure this at his depot & over his road.
   Through the courtesy of Mr. Sanford {President, Petersburg RR}, the cars of his road from Weldon & Gaston with corn and possibly subsistence stores may be allowed to go to Richmond without unloading. These cars must be returned to Mr. Sanford at the earliest hour.
   The corn & subsistence stores consigned to Richmond and unloaded in Petersburg from the trains of the Raleigh & Gaston, Petersburg and other railroads reach Richmond by way of R&P rail road & Appomattox & James Rivers. This corn must b e shipped by rail road because the necessities of the Army require the most rapid transportation. But neither corn or subsistence stores are to remain in Petersburg in cars or in depots for one hour longer than is absolutely necessary. The army cannot be sustained without implicit obedience to this order. The trains herein referred to have been the subjects of pillage during their detention in Petersburg. Lieut. Chappell in charge of soldiers for this purpose is ordered to guard these trains, & all corn & subsistence stores in Petersburg & those going to Richmond by railway. The proper protection of this property of the Government demands the greatest vigilance on the part of this guard, which should be increased if necessary by application to the Commanding Officer in Petersburg. The corn of the Government is wasted in Petersburg through rents in the grain sacks. This corn must be exchanged in Petersburg from these corn sacks to others sound, & the corn left in the cars must be swept up, put into bags & shipped to Richmond as consigned.
   You will please establish your Head Quarters in Petersburg & give your entire attention to the execution of the orders here in mentioned. You will do this in connection with & for the assistance of Capt E. B. Branch the efficient Quartermaster of Petersburg. You are authorized to employ such labor & build such platforms, turn outs &c as you & Capt. Branch agree to be necessary to the rapid transshipment of government freight. You will please ask the cooperation of Major John C. Maynard Richmond in the execution of that portion of these orders requiring the immediate unloading of all cars with corn & subsistence stores in Richmond & the return of the same to Petersburg at the earliest hour possible. You will please report to me daily by letter to Weldon till further orders the number of bags of corn (belonging to the Govermt) arriving in Petersburg & to whom consigned, the trains of other roads (than the Petersburg road) arriving in Petersburg loaded with Government freight, & the day & hour of their departure therefrom on their return home.
Very Respectfully
Chas. S. Carrington
Maj. & Q. M.

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